1. General Situation Analysis


  1. The Organization

Fares Al-Arab for Development & Charity Works is a non-governmental/nonprofit organization founded in 2006. The idea of establishment comes from a group of community leaders who believe in charity and relief work and its role in raising and building the community. The Organization through its strategic plans will contribute to the development and support the Palestinian society through the implementation of a series of programs, projects, activities and community initiatives.

Fares Al-Arab seeks to contribute to rising the development and charity works in Gaza Strip through the implementation of developmental and social welfare programs.

Poverty alleviation and participation in community development are at the core of the organization's vision and mission through its strategic programs; psychosocial support, education, economic empowerment, capacity building, and relief and emergency programs. Fares Al-Arab also has a variety of departments and supporting units to support the implementation of programs and activities such as procurement, logistics, media, finance, human resources and internal auditing.


  1. Gaza Strip Situation

The Gaza Strip is an integral part of the occupied Palestinian territory and is one of the most densely populated areas in the world. The total area of the Gaza Strip is 365 square kilometers (45 km long and 2.5 km wide), with a population of more than 1.8 million, population growth is 3.37% per year.

The 2014 war on Gaza Strip leads to a humanitarian crisis. The caused damages after this war exceeded the damages caused from the 2008-2009 and 2012 wars together, with large casualties, extensive destruction of civilian buildings and infrastructure throughout the Gaza Strip, and the war has displaced large numbers of people from their homes. All geographic areas in Gaza have been affected by the conflict that caused the destruction of the local economy almost completely, including the economic establishments that were considered the basis of the national economy.

The continuation of the conflict, in addition to 10 years of blockade and more than 25 years of restrictions on movement, has resulted in losses for Palestinians living in Gaza. Social services, including health and education, suffer from the old weaknesses and new losses. This has increased poverty and food insecurity and social vulnerability as a result of mass destruction and displacement of the population. Many household workers in Gaza can no longer live without outside assistance, adding more pressure on the social protection system.

Because of the highly densely populated environment, all residents of the Gaza Strip have been exposed to conflict and damage to vital infrastructure. The destruction of the infrastructure left many Gazans without food, water, shelter, electricity or medical services. The ongoing energy crisis is another challenge facing the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip, which has devastating effects on the water, sanitation, hygiene and health sector.


  1. Political-Economic Situation

Gaza has faced many political changes since 2006. A report released recently by the United Nations Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) that "even before the military operations in 2014, where the local economy in Gaza is totally collapsed, and" the consequences would be disastrous for the Palestinian people and their economy."

Since 2007, and after the siege imposed by Israel, the situation in the Gaza Strip has been a chronic need, lack of development and dependence on donors, despite the temporary easing of restrictions on the movement of people and goods since 2010.

The blockade has significantly led to the suspension and the arrival of exports to traditional markets in the West Bank, and import restrictions have been severely restricted. Exports fell to 2% of 2007 levels.

It is worth mentioning that the age structure in Gaza Strip is similar to that of many developing countries. Almost half of the population is under the age of 14, and children under the age of five represent about 18%. In addition to the general population growth, Gaza Strip is a young society compared to other societies around the world. 51% of the population is under 18 years of age. The Gaza Strip ranks second among the population aged 0-14 years around the world.

In addition; the majority of the population of Gaza lost their assets and resources productivity. According to the Palestinian Industries Union, 419 companies and workshops were damaged, and 128 establishments were completely destroyed. With limited activity at commercial crossings and serious damage to private infrastructure and other productive assets.

The aforementioned political conditions not only affected the economy but also had a disastrous impact on the social life and psychological situation of the population living in Gaza. Studies show an increase in divorce rates as a result of the deteriorating economic situation where couples cannot provide the needs of their families and children. At the same time, the results indicate that the number of girls who do not get married is increasing because men are unable to find jobs and therefore cannot afford the marriage that leads them to marry late, which has caused considerable damage to the social fabric.

These economic and psychological pressures have led to many social problems, including drug abuse due to low living standards, lack of employment opportunities and lack of solutions to their problems. Many indicators show an increase in the level of drug abuse in Gaza, not only by men but also by women. Even educated people have become victims of drug abuse because they want to escape their bad reality.

The results of the cases show the need for urgent psychological and social interventions to support the community in the Gaza Strip to enable them to withstand and meet the increasing demands.

  1. Social Crisis

The economic crisis has affected and caused considerable damage to the social structure. The effect can be seen in:

The results of these cases have shown the need for urgent interventions to support the Palestinian people in the Gaza Strip.


  1. Program Justification

Despite the complexity of the political scene in Gaza, the previous wars on the Strip, especially the recent war in 2014, the psychological and social consequences of the poor conditions, and the difficulty of life and the deterioration of cases increase the rate of mental illness in individuals as a result of successive shocks during wars. On the other hand, their homes were partially and totally destroyed, and many of them experienced severe trauma as a result of the demolition of their houses while they were in the neighborhood. Their eyes were a living witness to the loss of their relatives. Some of them lost their families (partial/ total paralysis – limb amputation – loss of sight or hearing etc.) and they were not allowed to access to the treatment abroad.

Given that the Gaza Strip is constantly vulnerable to wars and disasters due to political circumstances and the Israeli occupation. The role of psychosocial support programs is important to determine the mechanisms of initial reactions of the target groups and to identify their trends. If these responses are dealt with professionally and practically, will lead to the improvement of social and psychological conditions in society.

Recent studies in the field of psychosocial support have revealed many as plans for behavioral modification and continue follow-up given and emphasize the need to provide ongoing psychological development and relief interventions.

However, there are still opportunities to be invested to provide psychosocial support and face the difficulty of life in the Gaza Strip. Fares Al-Arab raised the issue of psychological and social support as a top priority by contributing to alleviating the psychological and social effects of poor conditions and the difficulty of life in the Gaza Strip.

Fares Al-Arab will support the affected groups and will target these groups through various interventions to alleviate the psychological and social effects.


  1. Fares Al-Arab Strategy

Strategic Objective

Mitigating the psychological and social effects of poor economic conditions and the difficulty of life in the Gaza Strip.

Intervention Strategy

The proposed strategy for achieving the main objective and sub-targets is based on the following:

Special Objectives:

  1. Contribute to improving the psychological and social conditions of war-affected groups in the Gaza Strip


3.1.1 Provide psychological support programs for children in kindergartens and schools.

3.1.2 Psychosocial support for women in marginalized areas after the war.

3.1.3 Establish and support the construction of a social network that contributes to providing friendly, safe and supportive places for children and their families.

3.1.4 Implement initiatives that support youth participation in the implementation of psychosocial support programs.

3.1.5 Cooperation with partner organizations to provide psychological and social support programs for groups in need of specialized psychological and social care.


  1. Support and Funding

Fares Al-Arab works in cooperation with partners and financiers to provide the necessary budget for the implementation of the psychosocial support program and to make the necessary interventions with cases, especially those that require continuous monitoring and evaluation of behavior, in addition to alleviating psychological stress, creating an environment free from internal conflicts, and the achievements that highlight the role of Fares Al-Arab and its partners to support the target groups psychologically and socially.


Special Objectives



1. Contribute to improving the psychological and social conditions of war-affected groups in the Gaza Strip

1.1 Provide psychological support programs for children in kindergartens and schools


1.2 Psychosocial support for women in marginalized areas after war


1.3 Establish and support the building of a social network that contributes to providing friendly, safe and supportive places for children and their families


1.4 Implement initiatives that support youth participation in the implementation of psychosocial support programs.


1.5 Cooperation with partner organization to provide psychosocial and social support programs for groups requiring specialized psychological and social care






  1. Impact and Sustainability



Our program and projects are monitored and evaluated through a framework and tools to measure the impact of psychosocial support on our activities and interventions. Fares Al-Arab adopts its projects and initiatives based on the urgent needs of society and in-depth analysis of the situation compared to the general situation to provide innovative solutions to meet the challenges and immediate intervention to provide psychological and social support to the target groups and involve all stakeholders in everything we do.


We at Fares Al-Arab work with the target groups and support them to alleviate the psychosocial pressures that face them, we identify the psychosocial problems that are facing children and young people and then work to help them overcome.

Fares Al-Arab contributes to increasing the level of self-confidence of the target groups and the development of leadership figures capable of coping with difficulties in their daily lives.

We seek to build a strong personality free of internal conflicts and develop the concept of community participation.


  1. Successful Projects


  1. Improve Psychological Health of Children in the Shelters

Implementation period: 1/10/2014 – 31/12/2014

Project description: As part of Child Protection interventions after the war, the project provided psycho-social support for children from age (6 – 16 years) and who were inside the UNRWA shelters after the end of the recent war in the Gaza Strip in order to mitigate the psychological distress they have suffered during the war, improve their mental health and overcome feelings of fear, nightmares through the implementation of recreational, educational and sports activities. 400 children were benefited from the project.

  1.  Open Days for Children Program"

Implementation period: 2006 - 2016

Donor: Organization Budget

Project description:

  1. Distribution of Educational Toys and Gifts for Children Project

Implementation period: 2017

Donor: United Palestinian Appeal (UPA)

Project description: Distributing of educational toys and gifts packages for children at kindergartens as psychosocial support.

  1. Safe Lighting for Kindergartens Project

Implementation period: 1/1/2017 – 31/3/2017

Donor: United Palestinian Appeal (UPA)

Project description: The project aims at providing safe lightings for 4 kindergartens, including 1200 child, by offering alternative energy sources like batteries, LEDs and whatsoever to provide the kindergartens with electricity and lighting more than 8 hours, which will improve the educational environment and help children to be involved with the kindergartens' activities.

  1. Legal Clinics Project

Implementation period: 2015 – 2017

Donor: NRC

Project description: The project aims at providing legal consultants for those who affected by the last war on Gaza 2014.